What Is The Difference Between Blood And Plasma
The plasma is used to manufacture life-saving therapies for people with rare, chronic diseases and disorders.
The plasma is safer to transfuse than the whole blood especially when there is a risk of incompatibility.
The whole blood is reddish in color, sticky liquid while the plasma is a clear, straw colored liquid.
Types Of Blood Donations
Blood donations help many people including:
- People who have had surgery
- People whove been in an accident
- People with cancer or other diseases
Before you give blood, learn about the different types of donations. In some cases, one donation can help several people.
Types of donations you can give include:
- Concentrated red blood cells
- Whole blood
Composition Of Blood Vs Plasma
Blood is composed of plasma and different kinds of cells- red blood cells , white blood cells , and thromobocytes . The density of blood is very close to that of pure water .
Plasma contains water , proteins , nutrients , waste products , clotting factors, minerals, immunoglobulins, hormones and carbon dioxide, i.e. all the components of blood except the red, white blood cells and thrombocytes. Components can either be dissolved or remain bound to proteins . Plasma has the density of 1025 kg/m3.
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Faqs On Difference Between Blood And Plasma
1. Does blood need to be healthy for Plasma donation?
Plasma transfusions are matched to keep away from A and B antibodies inside the transfused Plasma as a way to attack the recipient’s red blood cells. Human beings with type AB blood are standard Plasma donors. Their Plasma does now not incorporate A or B antibodies and may be transfused properly to all blood sorts.
2. Why Blood is red in coloration?
Human blood is red in shade due to the presence of protein haemoglobin. Haemoglobin contains a red-colored compound referred to as heme which facilitates in wearing oxygen through the bloodstream.
3. Why is Plasma so vital?
The main role of Plasma is to take vitamins, hormones, and proteins to the elements of the frame that want it. Cells additionally placed their waste products into the Plasma. The Plasma then enables cast off this waste from the body. Blood Plasma additionally incorporates all parts of the blood via your circulatory system.
4. What’s common among Blood and Plasma?
Both blood and Plasma have clotting. looking at the overall thing, each are additives of the fluid connective tissue which helps within the various functions of the body.
5. Is there a distinction among giving blood and Plasma?
6. Why is Blood Red in Colour?
Human blood is red in colour due to the presence of protein haemoglobin. Haemoglobin contains a red-coloured compound called heme which helps in carrying oxygen through the bloodstream.
7. What is Common Between Blood and Plasma?
Why You Get Paid To Donate Plasma But Not Blood
Elizabeth PrestonJan. 22, 2016
Donating plasma and donating blood are essentially the same process: the entry questionnaire, getting hooked up to a machine, the cookie afterward. But in the US theres a key difference: one is an act of charity, and the other an act of commerce. So why is it that you get paid to donate plasma, but not blood?
Its a common misconception that the Food and Drug Administration bans paying for blood. In fact, it only says blood from paid donors has to be labeled that way. But hospitals wont use it. In practice, nobody really pays for blood, said Mario Macis, an economist at the Johns Hopkins Carey Business School who has studied incentives for blood donation. Even though its legal, its still considered not totally moral or ethical to pay cash to blood donors.
Aside from the ickiness of handing out literal blood money, the FDA worries that paying donors would jeopardize the safety of the blood supply. No one with a blood-borne illness is eligible to donate, but the agency worries that if money were on the line, donors might lie about their health or their risk behaviors.
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Blood Donation Vs Plasma Donation: An In
Blood donation and plasma donation are both great ways to give back to those in need via bodily components that replenish themselves. Millions of Canadians take the time to give blood and/or plasma every year, but there is still a lot of confusion surrounding the difference between these two types of donations, and understandably so. Even though the process of giving blood and giving plasma are quite similar at first glance, they are vastly different in many other regards. In todays blog, well be giving you an in-depth look into all things blood donation VS plasma donation.
Whats The Difference Between Donating Blood Plasma And Platelets
Every year, blood transfusions save about 4.5 million lives. The kind of blood transfusion a patient gets can determine whether they live or die.
People who give blood may wonder, Is it better to donate blood or plasma? Others may question, Should I donate blood or platelets?
Knowing the different types of blood and blood donations is important because it can help you decide how you can do the most good when giving blood.
What Proteins Are In Plasma
Plasma contains several proteins including:
- Albumin: Keeps fluid contained in blood vessels so it doesnt leak into tissues and carries hormones, vitamins and enzymes throughout your body.
- Antibodies : Defends your body from infections including bacteria, fungi, viruses and cancer cells.
- Clotting factors : Controls bleeding.
Making A Difference In The Health Sector
The healthcare sector is a crucial part of society, so many are encouraged to volunteer and donate their time in this specific field. You may not be able to heal the sick or alleviate the pain of patients confined in hospitals, but you can significantly impact their health, and ultimately their life, by donating!
Blood donation and plasma donation are two of the best things you can do to give back to society! With healthcare facilities regularly dealing with patients suffering from blood or plasma loss, youll be easing their burden and helping individuals live for much longer.
Medical Uses For Blood Serum
Like plasma, blood serum has a variety of medical uses. However, whereas blood plasma is typically used for transfusions, serum is primarily used for medical testing and research.
In terms of medical research, blood serum may be used in DNA testing and cancer therapy studies. It may also be added to cell culture media to support the growth of human white blood cells in the laboratory, which can then be studied and used in experiments. Serum from patients can also be used to test for certain diseases, such as hepatitis, prostate cancer, and Pagets disease.
Like plasma, blood serum contains antibodies. This means it can be used to produce antiserum, which is serum that contains specific antibodies against a particular pathogen or poison. Antiserum can be used to protect other people against certain illnesses without exposing them to the pathogen that causes it. It can also be used as a treatment for the bites and stings of venomous animals.
Comparing Blood And Plasma Donations
Although blood and plasma donations both involve giving out some of your bodily fluids, they are not one and the same. Although plasma is found in blood, it has a specific purpose thats different from whole blood.
Whole blood refers to the red bodily fluid that runs through your veins. It provides oxygen and essential nutrients to cells and tissues and removes waste such as lactic acid and carbon dioxide.
On the other hand, plasma is the straw-colored liquid component found in the blood. Plasma is made up of 90% water and carries hormones, minerals, nutrients, and proteins to different body parts that need it. This liquid component also contains antibodies that fight infections and proteins that maintain serum osmotic pressure.
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The blood also has platelets that are responsible for the process of clotting. Clotting is very important to prevent excessive loss of blood after injuries. The clotting time of different blood groups can be varying. However, it must not exceed a few seconds as it may result in the excess loss of blood.
Blood Plasma Vs Whole Blood Donation: Donation Process
The process for donating whole blood and plasma is similar. Both require a blood draw, but plasma donation draws are much quicker than whole blood donation draws. Whole blood donations are also made on-site at a blood drive or donation center, while plasma donations are made in a sterile, controlled environment.
The Blood Donation Process Vs The Plasma Donation Process
Whole blood donations involve cleansing an area on the donors arm, inserting a sterile needle, and drawing blood. Typically blood donation entails the collection of a pint of blood, which takes about 8-10 minutes to collect. Once donation is complete, a bandage is placed on the donors arm and they are given time to recuperate.
The plasma donation process and whole blood donation process are similar in that they both involve the cleansing of a donors arm and the insertion of a sterile needle however, plasma is collected through a process known as plasmapheresis. Plasmapheresis is a method of removing and separating plasma from whole blood via an apheresis machine. This automated process takes about 50 minutes to complete.
Donating Plasma Vs Blood: What Is The Difference
- 2:38 am
Blood and plasma products play an important role in life-saving procedures and treatments that occur at hospitals and medical centers every day. Both whole blood donations and plasma donations are vital to the success of modern medicine, but they have different side effects and preparation processes. This guide compares plasma versus whole blood donationincluding side effects, the donation process, and recovery timeto help you decide which one is right for you.
The Key Components Of Blood
Blood is the red fluid that flows through the human circulatory system, delivering oxygen and nutrients to cells while transporting waste products away. Its key components are:
- Blood cells Red blood cells carry oxygen white blood cells are cells of the immune system.
- Platelets Platelets are tiny cell fragments that form blood clots to stop bleeding.
- Plasma Plasma is the liquid component of blood.
The Difference Between Blood And Plasma
The major differences between blood donation and plasma donation stem from what these fluids are composed of and the purpose they serve in the human body. Here are some distinguishing features of blood VS plasma:
- Whole Blood: This red bodily fluid is composed of red cells, white cells, plasma, and platelets. It supplies oxygen and essential nutrients to cells and tissues in the body and removes waste materials like carbon dioxide and lactic acid.
- Plasma: Plasma is the clear, straw-coloured liquid component found in blood. It is made up of 90% water and carries nutrients, minerals, hormones, and proteins to parts of the body that need it. Plasma also contains antibodies that help fight infections and proteins including albumin and fibrinogen that help maintain serum osmotic pressure.
The Main Differences Between Donating Blood And Donating Plasma
Besides the differences in the blood donation and plasma donation processes, there are also major differences between the two when it comes to their end uses and donor compensation.
When whole blood is separated into its individual components, it can be used to treat cancer patients and patients with rare diseases, depending on the blood component that is being used. Plasma donations, on the other hand, are used to manufacture life-saving treatments for patients with autoimmune disorders, immunodeficiencies, and blood disorders. People who receive plasma-derived treatments, including intravenous immunoglobulin therapies, must do so on a regular basis and they rely on these treatments to manage their conditions.
In terms of compensation, blood donors are not compensated for their contributions in Canada. Some provinces in Canada, however, do permit paid plasma donations.
Since plasma donation is a more time-consuming process than blood donation, it makes sense that plasma donors would be compensated for their time and effort. Plasma donors are also able to donate much more frequently than blood donors are due to the fact that blood cells are returned to the donor during the plasma donation process, which is yet another reason why they should be compensated. Plasma donors can safely donate twice a week whereas male blood donors can only donate once every eight weeks and female blood donors can only donate once every twelve weeks.
Extraction Of Serum Vs Plasma
Both serum and plasma can be separated from whole blood for medical or experimental uses.
Serum is collected after the blood has been allowed to clot. Once whole blood has been collected, it is left to coagulate at room temperature for 15-30 minutes. Next, the test tube is spun in a centrifuge and the blood clot is removed. The remaining liquid is blood serum.
Plasma is also separated from whole blood using centrifugation. However, an anticoagulant must be added to the test tube first to prevent the blood from clotting. Once the anticoagulant has been added, the sample is spun in a centrifuge. The blood cells and other solid components will fall to the bottom of the tube and the liquid plasma can be collected.
Main Difference Blood Vs Plasma
Blood is the main fluid responsible for circulating nutrients, respiratory gases, minerals, and metabolic wastes. Red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma are the components of blood. The main difference between blood and plasma is that blood is the main circulating fluid in the animal body whereas plasma is a component of blood. Plasma comprises water, glucose, amino acids, proteins,hormones, vitamins, minerals, antibodies, and dissolved carbon dioxide. Blood has a color, which is given by its respiratory pigment. On the other hand, plasma is a straw color fluid. Both blood and plasma perform immune functions by fighting against pathogens.
What Is A Power Red Donation
When you give a power red donation, a machine separates out red blood cells from plasma and platelets. People who receive power red transfusions can include:
- Mothers giving birth
- People with sickle cell anemia
- Trauma patients
A power red donation lasts roughly 1 1/2 hours and the best blood types include O+, O-, A- and B-. You can give power red donations once every 112 days.
What Is Plasma In Blood
Plasma is the liquid portion of blood. About 55% of our blood is plasma, and the remaining 45% are red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets that are suspended in the plasma.
Plasma is about 92% water. It also contains 7% vital proteins such as albumin, gamma globulin and anti-hemophilic factor, and 1% mineral salts, sugars, fats, hormones and vitamins.
Plasma serves four important functions in our body:
1. Helps maintain blood pressure and volume.
2. Supply critical proteins for blood clotting and immunity.
3. Carries electrolytes such as sodium and potassium to our muscles.
4. Helps to maintain a proper pH balance in the body, which supports cell function.
How Do I Donate Plasma
There are two ways that you can donate plasma:
After removing plasma from your body, the lab freezes your donated plasma within 24 hours of removing it to preserve clotting factors and immunoglobulins. Frozen plasma has a shelf life of one year.
Plasma from donors with an AB blood type is preferred because it does not have antibodies in it and can be given to any blood type recipient, but anyone can donate.
Plasma Vs Serum In Medical Diagnostics
Blood plasma and blood serum are often used in blood tests. Some tests can be done only on plasma and some only on serum. Some can be done on both, but depending on the test, use of either plasma or serum can be more practical. In addition, some tests have to be done with whole blood, such as the determination of the amount of blood cells in blood via flow cytometry.
What Is The Function Of Blood Plasma
Plasma helps carry proteins, hormones, and nutrients to different cells in your body. These include:
- Growth hormones that help your muscles and bones grow
- Clotting factors that help you stop bleeding when you get a cut
- Nutrients such as potassium and sodium that help your cells work
Plasma also helps your body:
- Maintain normal blood pressure and blood volume levels
- Get rid of the chemical waste from cells by dissolving it and carrying it away
What Is Platelet Donation
Platelets are cells in blood that bind together to make clots. Donation of platelets usually takes 2 1/2 to 3 hours. One donation of platelets can result in several usable units. If youre wondering what blood type is best for donating platelets, think A+, A-, B+, O+, AB+ and AB-. You can donate platelets once every seven days.
Comparison Table Between Blood And Plasma
|Parameters of Comparison|
|Blood is red and the shade mainly depends on the ratio between different components.||Plasma is yellow because it does not contain any color giving pigments.|
|The main function||The main function of the blood is associated with the transportation of Micro and micronutrients across different cells.||The main function of plasma is associated with volumizing the blood. This way, the transportation of the fluid becomes easy.|
|Constituents||Blood is made up of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.||Plasma is made up of different salts and proteins. There is no cellular component in plasma as opposed to blood.|
|Compatibility||Blood transfusion requires a lot of tests to determine whether it will be compatible persons body or not.||There are no incompatibility issues associated with plasma. This is the reason why it is preferred over blood for injuries.|
|Clotting||Blood clots with the help of platelets and can be seen as over minor and major injuries.||Plasma is transformed into serum after clotting. The serum is very beneficial in medical treatments and requires utmost care.|