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How To Test Blood Sugar At Home

When Is Regular Blood Glucose Testing At Home Recommended

How to test blood sugar at home with a glucometer

For people with type 2 diabetes, regular testing of blood glucose levels at home using a blood glucose test meter is generally not needed unless you are:

How To Control Bleeding

After inserting the blood sample into the meter, please leave it to function while attending to the pets ear . For approximately 30 seconds, secure a gauze squeeze firmly to the prick site. This should be more than sufficient to bring the bleeding to a halt. Continue applying mild pressure for another minute if the location continues to bleed. Do not peek to determine whether the bleeding has ceased. Secure the area and maintain your pets calm. If the bleeding does not stop or if a considerable bruise develops, seek guidance from your veterinarian.

How To Use A Blood Glucose Meter:

  • After washing your hands, insert a test strip into your meter.
  • Use your lancing device on the side of your fingertip to get a drop of blood.
  • Touch and hold the edge of the test strip to the drop of blood and wait for the result.
  • Your blood glucose level will appear on the meter’s display.

Note: All meters are slightly different, so always refer to your user’s manual for specific instructions.

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A Low Blood Sugar Level Without Diabetes

A low blood sugar level is uncommon in people who do not have diabetes.

Possible causes include:

  • a gastric bypass
  • other medical conditions, such as problems with your hormone levels, pancreas, liver, kidneys, adrenal glands or heart
  • some medicines, including quinine

See a GP if you think you keep getting symptoms of a low blood sugar level. They can arrange some simple tests to check if your blood sugar level is low and try to find out whats causing it.

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How To Use A Blood Sugar Meter

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There are different kinds of meters, but most of them work the same way. Ask your health care team to show you the benefits of each. In addition to you, have someone else learn how to use your meter in case youre sick and cant check your blood sugar yourself.

Below are tips for how to use a blood sugar meter.

  • Make sure the meter is clean and ready to use.
  • After removing a test strip, immediately close the test strip container tightly. Test strips can be damaged if they are exposed to moisture.
  • Wash your hands with soap and warm water. Dry well. Massage your hand to get blood into your finger. Dont use alcohol because it dries the skin too much.
  • Use a lancet to prick your finger. Squeezing from the base of the finger, gently place a small amount of blood onto the test strip. Place the strip in the meter.
  • After a few seconds, the reading will appear. Track and record your results. Add notes about anything that might have made the reading out of your target range, such as food, activity, etc.
  • Properly dispose the lancet and strip in a trash container.
  • Do not share blood sugar monitoring equipment, such as lancets, with anyone, even other family members. For more safety information, please see Infection Prevention during Blood Glucose Monitoring and Insulin Administration.
  • Store test strips in the container provided. Do not expose them to moisture, extreme heat, or cold temperatures.
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    What Are The Symptoms Of High Blood Sugar

    A dangerously high amount might cause dizziness, lightheadedness, and trembling. If the condition worsens quickly, you can also experience shock or breathing issues. As soon as feasible, call 911, start an IV in the arm , and give insulin intravenously until the patientâs blood glucose level falls below 200 mg/dL.

    The most typical signs of hyperglycemia include:

    • Increased hunger or thirst

    You are at risk of having a low blood sugar reaction if you:

    • Skip or delay a meal or snack
    • Take too much insulin or eat too few carbohydrates
    • Drink alcohol, especially without eating carbohydrates

    Check your blood sugar if you have any of these symptoms:

    • Weakness and/or fatigue

    If your blood sugar is less than 70 milligrams per deciliter :

    • Eat 15 to 30 grams of carbohydrate
    • Wait 15 minutes and then recheck your blood sugar
    • If your blood sugar is still less than 100 mg/dl, take another 15 grams of carbohydrate and retest your blood sugar in another 15 minutes. Repeat if necessary.

    Important: If you have frequent low blood sugars speak to your doctor. You may need changes in your medication and/or meal plan.

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    When Is The Best Time To Check Your Blood Sugar With Type 2 And No Medicine

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    When You Have Low Blood Sugar

    How to check your blood sugar glucose at home. OneTouch Verio Flex kit.

    First, eat or drink 15 grams of a fast-acting carbohydrate, such as:

    • Three to four glucose tablets
    • One tube of glucose gel
    • Four to six pieces of hard candy
    • 1/2 cup fruit juice
    • 1 cup skim milk
    • 1/2 cup soft drink
    • 1 tablespoon honey

    Fifteen minutes after you’ve eaten a food with sugar in it, check your blood sugar again. If your blood sugar is still less than 70 mg/dL, eat another serving of one of the foods listed above. Repeat these steps until your sugar becomes normal.

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    What Are The 7 Warning Signs Of Diabetes

    Excessive Urination. Increased Thirst or a Dry Mouth. Unexpected Weight Loss. You Feel Hungry All The Time. Foot Pain and Numbness. Frequent Infections and Feminine Health Issues. Blurred Vision Could Be a Result of Rapid Blood Sugar Changes.

    What are the 3 main signs of diabetes?

    Here are more details about the signs and symptoms of diabetes:Excessive thirst and increased urination. Excessive thirst and increased urination are common diabetes signs and symptoms. Weight loss. Blurred vision. Slow-healing sores or frequent infections. Red, swollen, tender gums.

    What does diabetes feel like in the beginning?

    Blurry vision, increased urination, feeling hungry, extreme thirst, and finding that you have itchy, dry skin are all warning signs that you could be in the early stages of type 2 diabetes.

    What can be mistaken for diabetes?

    Alcoholism.Alzheimers Disease.Amenorrhea.Amyloidosis.Anorexia Nervosa.Bulimia Nervosa.Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.Cirrhosis.

    How Does A Glucometer Help You

    With a glucometer or blood glucose meter, you can check your blood sugar level at any time of the day. So you dont have to wait for a lab appointment or fast before you can have your blood glucose checked.

    A glucometer is very useful for people with diabetes because it can help them:

    • Manage their blood sugar levels
    • Avoid low blood sugar levels
    • Prevent high blood sugar levels
    • Detect early signs of diabetes
    • Find out if their diabetes treatment is working

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    How To Use The A1c Home Test Kit

    There can be many reasons to measure your A1C at home, such as limited access to see your doctor, the distance to a lab, the cost of the lab work, etc.

    There are great options for measuring your A1C at home, but please consult with your medical team before making any changes to your care or self-diagnosing diabetes.

    One very affordable A1C home test kit is the A1CNow SelfCheck which I demonstrate how to use in the video below.

    The kit comes with 4 A1C tests and will give you your A1C result in only 5 minutes. Follow the instructions that come with the kit and make sure to add enough blood or it will return an error message.

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    Administer insulin

    First, if youve missed an insulin dose or your pump is not working, the first thing to do is correct the underlying problem, according to Dr. Wright. Insulin is a normal hormone in our body thats normally produced by the pancreas and what insulin does is it acts as a shuttle and it shuttles glucose from the blood and into the cells so that it can be used as fuel, explains Dr. Hong. So, for somebody with diabetes, if they have high blood glucoses, by giving themself more insulin theyre essentially helping to facilitate the movement of glucose into the cells so that the blood glucose levels drop and the cells receive more fuel or glucose.

    Take missed diabetes medication

    I dont generally recommend that you take it on an as-needed basis, says Dr. Hong. Typically, diabetes medications are meant to be taken on a daily basis or in a scheduled way. If you forget to take your medication, then absolutely, your blood sugars can go up, and then if you take it again, the sugars will certainly come back down, says Dr. Hong. Just keep in mind that medications wont work as quickly as insulin, especially if its been a while since you had your last dose or if you havent been taking it as often as you should.

    Drink water

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    What Are Diabetes At

    Hemoglobin, a protein on red blood cells, carries sugar through your bloodstream. Everyone has sugar attached to hemoglobin, but the amount attached differs. A higher blood sugar level means more sugar is attached to hemoglobin.

    Diabetes at-home tests measure your This measurement gives the percentage of red blood cells that have sugar-coated hemoglobin. Renda thinks of it as your red blood cell tells a story about the sugar around it.

    Your A1c is the average of your blood sugar levels over the last 2 to 3 months. This type of test is useful for identifying people at risk for developing diabetes or who have diabetes but dont know it.

    A normal A1c level is less than 5.7%. An A1c between 5.7% and 6.4% indicates prediabetes, and a value higher than 6.5% suggests .

    Diabetes home tests are also great for people who have diabetes. It allows them to see how well their diabetes regimen is working. Since your A1c is the average of 2 to 3 months, it should not be used daily to adjust treatment plans. Use your glucometer for that.

    Typically, people with diabetes will test their A1c two to three times a year. While everyones A1c target is different, an A1c greater than 7% puts you at risk for developing diabetes .

    Checking Your Blood Sugar

  • 1Purchase a glucose testing kit. You can find these at pharmacies or most big box stores. You will also need matching testing strips to go with your monitor, so make sure your kit has some or purchase some separately.
  • You may also need to purchase needle tips for your lancing device if the kit doesn’t have them.
  • Check to see if the kit needs batteries or has them already.
  • Keep in mind that some kits may require a prescription, and they may be expensive without one. However, they’re available over-the-counter in some areas for as low as $10.
  • 2Wash your hands with warm soap and water. You need to prick your skin, and you don’t want to introduce bacteria. Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds before rinsing off the soap completely.XTrustworthy SourceAmerican Diabetes AssociationHealth-based nonprofit focused on preventing and researching diabetesGo to source
  • Dry your hands well on a clean towel.
  • If you’re not near a place where you can wash your hands, use hand sanitizer or rub your finger with a rubbing alcohol wipe.
  • 3Insert a testing strip into the glucose monitor. The strip should indicate which way it goes in the monitor. If you’re not sure how to do it, read the instructions that came with your monitor.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world’s leading hospitalsGo to source
  • Some older glucose monitors may require that you place a drop of blood on the strip before pushing it into the machine.
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    How Often Should I Check My Blood Sugar

    How often you should check your blood sugar depends on what type of diabetes you have and other factors, like the diabetes medicines you take, your overall health and the demands of your daily life. Your healthcare provider will give you suggestions for how often you should check.

    You may benefit from more regular blood sugar monitoring if you:

    • Are having difficulty reaching your blood glucose targets.
    • Have frequent low blood sugar episodes.
    • Have low blood glucose levels without experiencing the usual warning signs.
    • Just had surgery.

    Talking With Your Doctor About Your Target Blood Sugar Levels

    Gestational Diabetes: Testing your blood sugar at home

    In general, your target will be 80130 mg/dl before a meal and less than 180 mg/dl after a meal.

    In addition to daily monitoring, your doctor will measure your HbA1c at regular intervals. This blood test helps your doctor understand if your treatment plan is working to control your blood sugar levels. An ideal HBA1c level should not exceed 7%.

    Carrying out this test will also help you and your doctor determine the next step to take in your diabetes management plan.

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    How Can I Treat High Blood Sugar

    Talk to your doctor about how to keep your blood sugar levels within your target range. Your doctor may suggest the following:

    • Be more active. Regular exercise can help keep your blood sugar levels on track. Important: dont exercise if ketones are present in your urine. This can make your blood sugar go even higher.
    • Take medicine as instructed. If your blood sugar is often high, your doctor may change how much medicine you take or when you take it.
    • Follow your diabetes meal plan. Ask your doctor or dietitian for help if youre having trouble sticking to it.
    • Check your blood sugar as directed by your doctor. Check more often if youre sick or if youre concerned about high or low blood sugar.
    • Talk to your doctor about adjusting how much insulin you take and what types of insulin to use.

    Do Not Drive When You Have Low Blood Sugar

    It’s very dangerous. If you’re driving and you have hypoglycemia symptoms, pull off the road, check your blood sugar, and eat a sugary food. Wait at least 15 minutes, check your blood sugar, and repeat these steps if necessary. Eat a protein and carbohydrate source before you drive on.

    Be prepared. Keep a sugar source in your car at all times for emergencies.

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    How Do I Check My Blood Glucose

    If you are unsure about how to use your blood glucose meter, there are various healthcare providers who can teach you, such as:

    • a diabetes nurse educator
    • the practice nurse at your GP surgery.

    The following is a guide:

    • Wash and dry your hands before testing.
    • Insert a test strip into your meter.
    • Use your lancet device to get a drop of blood from the side of your fingertip to get a better-sized drop of blood, try warming your hands before testing.
    • Touch and hold the edge of the test strip to the drop of blood and wait for the result.
    • Your blood glucose reading will show up on the glucose meter display.

    It’s important to record your blood glucose level. Some blood glucose meters may record your blood glucose levels automatically or you can record your results in a diabetes diaryor in an app on your phone. Read about diabetes apps. You need to take your blood glucose record book or app to all appointments with your doctor, diabetes nurse educator or diabetes nurse specialist. They can check your blood glucose levels and decide on any medicine changes.

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