Sunday, October 1, 2023

Blood Sugar Test Results Chart

What Is High Blood Sugar

Blood Sugar Levels Chart | Includes fasting and after eating

If your blood sugar levels are chronically higher than normal, then this is referred to as hyperglycaemia. This is a common issue for those suffering from diabetes. The condition can also affect pregnant women who have gestational diabetes and occasionally those who are severely ill .

Some of the symptoms of hyperglycaemia include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Issues with concentration and/or thinking

If severe hyperglycaemia is left untreated the condition can lead to organ and tissue damage as the excess glucose present in the body can make it difficult for the organs and cells to function correctly. The disorder can also impair the immune system response in the healing of wounds and cuts.

Whats My Target Range

You might be asking, what’s the normal range for blood sugar levels? The answer is, there is a healthy range that you should ideally be aiming for. The infographics above show the general guidelines, but your individual target range for your blood sugar levels may be different. Youll healthcare team will agree with you what it is.

Youll get different readings at different times of the day, depending on things like what youve eaten and how much you are moving around. Heres a guide to help you get started on finding your target range:

If youre a child with type 1 diabetes

  • when you wake up and before meals: 4 to 7mmol/l
  • after meals: 5 to 9mmol/l

If youre an adult with type 1 diabetes

  • when you wake up and before meals: 5 to 7mmol/l
  • before meals at other times of the day: 4 to 7mmol/l

If you have type 2 diabetes

  • before meals: 4 to 7mmol/l
  • two hours after meals: less than 8.5mmol/l

What Is Blood Glucose

Glucose mainly comes from carbohydrates in the food and drinks you consume. Its your bodys main source of energy. Your blood carries glucose to all of your bodys cells to use for energy.

Several bodily processes help keep your blood glucose in a healthy range. Insulin, a hormone your pancreas makes, is the most significant contributor to maintaining healthy blood sugar.

If you have elevated blood glucose levels , it usually indicates diabetes. Diabetes develops when your pancreas doesnt make any insulin or enough insulin or your body isnt responding to the effects of insulin properly.

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Symptoms Of Low Sugar Level

Low blood sugar condition or Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels fall below 70 mg/DL.

Fluctuation in blood sugar levels may be due to the following factors:

  • Fast heart rates
  • It is possible to eliminate these symptoms with the right guidance from certified diabetes reversal coaches who understand your routine and current lifestyle and help you with diet and lifestyle changes that can be easily done by you. These small changes lead to a drastic impact on your blood sugar levels and help you reverse your diabetes.

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    Normal Hba1c For Person Without Diabetes

    25 Printable Blood Sugar Charts [Normal, High, Low] á? TemplateLab

    For someone who does not have diabetes, a normal HbA1C level is below 5.7%. An A1C between 5.7% to 6.4% is indicative of prediabetes.

    Its recommended that adults over the age of 45 or adults under 45 who are overweight and have one or more risk factors for diabetes have a baseline A1C checked. If the result is normal, the A1C should be checked every three years. If the result indicates prediabetes, the A1C should be checked every one to two years.

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    Commonly Asked Questions About Blood Sugar Levels

    What is the difference between blood sugar and A1c?

    Blood sugar is a daily reading while A1c is a blood test that measures your average blood sugar from the previous 3 month period.

    You can read more about the difference between the two over here.

    Will weight loss help with my diabetes management?

    Yes, by default weight loss helps because it reduces inflammation in your body and improves overall metabolic function.

    Ive been prescribed Metformin, will that help with my blood glucose levels?

    Yes, Metformin is one of the most commonly prescribed diabetes medications worldwide. It belongs to a class of medications known as Biguanides, which lower blood glucose by decreasing the amount of sugar put out by the liver. And it is one of the medications that does not increase weight gain.

    We have detailed information about Metformin here.

    Why does high blood sugar cause complications like neuropathy?

    The body is designed to have a blood sugar level within a certain range, with a maximum of 140 after meals. Levels above normal for extended periods promote inflammation in the blood vessels throughout the body, along with damage to cells simply because the body isnt designed to operate with levels above normal.

    Diabetic neuropathy is damage to the nerve vessels resulting from chronically high blood sugar meaning long-term, not a few high readings now and then. Other types of diabetes complications are also caused by the same factors.

    List the normal range between 70-99 mg/dl .

    Low Blood Sugar: What To Watch Out For

    Hypoglycemia can occur in people with diabetes who:

    • Take too much medication or insulin
    • Are late eating a meal or snack
    • Have increased physical activity
    • Drink too much alcohol

    Symptoms of low blood sugar include feeling weak, sweaty or clammy, confused, hungry and/or irritable. Sometimes people experience a fast heartbeat and some symptoms may make a person appear to be drunk. A severely low blood sugar can result in unconsciousness, seizures, coma or death especially when a low occurs during the night.

    Low blood sugar affects many parts of the body, but the most frustrating part can be that hypoglycemia can happen anytime and anywhere even when you think you are closely following the plan for your diabetes care. If low blood sugar is severe, people may need to go to the hospital to help raise their glucose level or miss work due to the side effects.

    It can happen during a date, during a business meeting, or even while driving, which is the most dangerous scenario if there is confusion or loss of consciousness while behind the wheel. Its important to use your blood glucose meter to check your blood sugar before you drive to keep yourself and others safe. Frequent testing with your blood sugar meter and taking action when blood sugar is trending low can prevent a severe low and keep your life on track.

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    Normal Blood Sugar Levels By Age

    Its crucial to understand that normal blood sugar levels vary depending on age, lifestyle factors and health issues.

    The chart below uses insight from studies including those conducted by the American Diabetes Association , the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and John Hopkins Medicine to illustrate the typically recommended blood sugar levels by age. It was reviewed by Dr. Meller.

    Age
    • Confusion and difficulty concentrating

    Target Blood Sugar Levels In Older Adults

    Blood Glucose Conversion Chart | How to convert to HbA1c | Type 2 Diabetes

    When you’re over 65, you have different diabetic treatment goals than younger people. Having other health conditions and/or cognitive impairment affects your blood sugar targets.

    If you’re in good health, you may be able to manage diabetes as if you were younger. If you have other health problems, less strict management can help you avoid hypoglycemia.

    Conditions Co-Occurring With Diabetes
    110200 mg/dL

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    What Happens During The Test

    Most people can take an A1C test at any time without preparing beforehand. However, a doctor may sometimes request that a person avoids eating or drinking for 8 hours before the test.

    Women who are pregnant may need to drink a sugary beverage 1 hour before the test.

    A doctor or nurse will collect a blood sample, usually from a vein in the arm or hand. They will send the sample to a laboratory for analysis.

    Blood Sugar Levels 2 Hours After You’ve Eaten

    Many foods have types of carbohydrates called starches and sugars. When you eat foods with these types of carbohydrates, your body breaks them down into glucose, which is a type of simple sugar, and releases the glucose into your bloodstream. Aside from glucose produced by your liver, food is the main source of plasma glucose.

    Two hours after eating, your blood sugar levels rise. They rise more when you eat more carbohydrates, when you do not eat fiber, fat, or protein with your carbs, and when you eat certain types of carbohydrates, such as refined sugars and starches.

    These are target values from The Joslin Diabetes Center, which include levels for people with diabetes:

    When Measured
    90-150 mg/dl

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    Other Tips For Checking:

    • With some meters, you can also use your forearm, thigh, or fleshy part of your hand.
    • There are spring-loaded lancing devices that make sticking yourself less painful.
    • If you use your fingertip, stick the side of your fingertip by your fingernail to avoid having sore spots on the frequently used part of your finger.

    Why Should A Person Get The A1c Test

    A1c Values Chart

    Testing can help health care professionals

    • find prediabetes and counsel you about lifestyle changes to help you delay or prevent type 2 diabetes
    • find type 2 diabetes
    • work with you to monitor the disease and help make treatment decisions to prevent complications

    If you have risk factors for prediabetes or diabetes, talk with your doctor about whether you should be tested.

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    Why Your Blood Sugar Level May Be High

    Based on the ADA guidelines above, if your blood sugar is above 180 mg/dL two hours after a meal, it is considered above the normal range. What might cause your glucose or blood sugar to rise? Consider the following factors:

    • Consuming more carbohydrates or a larger meal than usual
    • Not taking enough insulin or oral diabetes medication based on carbohydrates or activity levels
    • Reduced physical activity
    • Side effects from medications like steroids or antipsychotics

    Hba1c Test For Diabetes Diagnosis

    An HbA1c test does not directly measure the level of blood glucose, however, the result of the test is influenced by how high or low your blood glucose levels have tended to be over a period of 2 to 3 months.

    Indications of diabetes or prediabetes are given under the following conditions:

    • Normal: Below 42 mmol/mol
    • Prediabetes: 42 to 47 mmol/mol
    • Diabetes: 48 mmol/mol

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    What Does A Blood Test Show

    Some blood tests can help your doctor determine how different organs in your body are working. Examples of organs whose malfunctions can be visible in a blood test include your thyroid, liver, or kidneys.

    Your doctor can also use blood tests to search for markers of diseases and health conditions such as:

    Normal Blood Sugar Levels After Eating For Diabetics

    Hba1c report | blood sugar levels chart | Hba1c normal range

    The American Diabetes Association recommends that the blood sugar 1 to 2 hours after the beginning of a meal be less than 180 mg/dl for most nonpregnant adults with diabetes. This is typically the peak, or highest, blood sugar level in someone with diabetes. Again, this target may need to be individualized for certain people based on such factors as duration of diabetes, age and life expectancy, cognitive status, other health conditions, cardiovascular complications, and hypoglycemia unawareness. Its important that people with diabetes discuss their target blood sugar goals with their health care provider.

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    How Is A1c Calculated

    A1C testing relies on hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the part of the red blood cell that carries oxygen throughout your body. When you have glucose in your blood, it sticks to hemoglobin. This is called glycation. The more glucose is in your blood, the more it sticks. And it can stay there for around three months about how long the average red blood cell lives.

    The A1C test measures the average amount of glucose thats been attached to hemoglobin over time. Because the A1C test measures glucose levels over a period of time, it provides more information about blood sugar than a single blood sugar test.

    What Is The A1c Test

    The A1C test is a blood test that provides information about your average levels of blood glucose, also called blood sugar, over the past 3 months. The A1C test can be used to diagnose type 2 diabetes and prediabetes.1 The A1C test is also the primary test used for diabetes management.

    The A1C test is sometimes called the hemoglobin A1C, HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin, or glycohemoglobin test. Hemoglobin is the part of a red blood cell that carries oxygen to the cells. Glucose attaches to or binds with hemoglobin in your blood cells, and the A1C test is based on this attachment of glucose to hemoglobin.

    The higher the glucose level in your bloodstream, the more glucose will attach to the hemoglobin. The A1C test measures the amount of hemoglobin with attached glucose and reflects your average blood glucose levels over the past 3 months.

    The A1C test result is reported as a percentage. The higher the percentage, the higher your blood glucose levels have been. A normal A1C level is below 5.7 percent.

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    Blood Sugar Levels During Pregnancy

    The NIDDK states that gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that occurs during pregnancy if you were not diabetic before getting pregnant. Healthy blood sugar during pregnancy can help lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes later. It can also lower the risk of your baby being born prematurely, at a high birth weight, and having respiratory problems.

    Blood sugar and insulin levels during the first trimester of pregnancy tend to be lower than usual, but they rise during the late second and early third trimesters. You can be diagnosed with an oral glucose tolerance test .

    These are the steps for the 2-step strategy.

    • Drink a solution with 50 grams of glucose ââ¬â about the amount in 1 16-oz. bottle of a soft drink
    • Get your blood drawn after 1 hour. Ig the value is high, retestââ¬Å¡Ãâö
    • Drink a solution with 100 grams of glucose ââ¬â about the amount in 12 peanut butter cups
    • Get your blood drawn immediately and after 1, 2, and 3 hours

    Or, your doctor might use the 1-step strategy with a 2-hour OGTT:

    • Drink a solution with 75 grams of glucose
    • Get your blood drawn immediately and after 1 and 2 hours

    These are some values to know from NIDKK related to gestational diabetes and healthy blood sugar in pregnancy.

    Time or Situation
    Baseline: at least 105 mg/dl1 hour: at least 190 mg/dl2 hours: at least 165 mg/dl3 hours: at least 145 mg/dl

    Normal And Diabetic Blood Sugar Ranges

    Is a one

    For the majority of healthy individuals, normal blood sugar levels are as follows:

    • Between 4.0 to 5.4 mmol/L when fasting
    • Up to 7.8 mmol/L 2 hours after eating

    For people with diabetes, blood sugar level targets are as follows:

    • Before meals : 4 to 7 mmol/L for people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes
    • After meals : under 9 mmol/L for people with type 1 diabetes and under 8.5mmol/L for people with type 2 diabetes

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    Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

    If your test results show you have prediabetes, ask your doctor or nurse if there is a lifestyle change program offered through the CDC-led National Diabetes Prevention Program in your community. You can also search for an online or in-person program. Having prediabetes puts you at greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes, but participating in the program can lower your risk by as much as 58% .

    The Big Picture: Checking Your Blood Glucose

    Blood sugar monitoring is the primary tool you have to find out if your blood glucose levels are within your target range. This tells you your blood glucose level at any one time.

    Its important for blood glucose levels to stay in a healthy range. If glucose levels get too low, we can lose the ability to think and function normally. If they get too high and stay high, it can cause damage or complications to the body over the course of many years.

    The logging of your results is vital. When you bring your log to your health care provider, youll have a good picture of your body’s response to your diabetes care plan. To help keep track of your levels, we have a glucose log. We also have a blood glucose log available for purchase that is smaller so you can carry it with you.

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    What Abnormal Results Mean

    If you had a fasting blood glucose test:

    • A level of 100 to 125 mg/dL means you have impaired fasting glucose, a type of prediabetes. This increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
    • A level of 126 mg/dL or higher usually means you have diabetes.

    If you had a random blood glucose test:

    • A level of 200 mg/dL or higher often means you have diabetes.
    • Your provider will order a fasting blood glucose, A1C test glucose tolerance test , depending on your random blood glucose test result.
    • In someone who has diabetes, an abnormal result on the random blood glucose test may mean that the diabetes is not well controlled.

    Other medical problems can also cause a higher-than-normal blood glucose level, including:

    • Overactive thyroid gland
    • Swelling and inflammation of the pancreas ( pancreatitis
    • Stress due to trauma, stroke, heart attack, or surgery
    • Rare tumors, including
    • Weight loss after weight loss surgery
    • Vigorous exercise

    Some medicines can raise or lower your blood glucose level. Before having the test, tell your provider about all the medicines you are taking.

    For some thin young women, a fasting blood sugar level below 70 mg/dL may be normal.

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