Monday, October 2, 2023

Blood Pressure 135 Over 85

A Blood Pressure Reading Of 135 Over 90 Is So Very Borderline For High But Dont Let That Fool You Because Its Dangerous

Blood Pressure Chart for your AGE

Blood pressure is called the silent killer for good reason, says Stacy Mitchell Doyle, MD, resident physician of FoodTherapyMD and long-time advocate of plant-based nutritional protocols.

Even borderline blood pressures, over time, result in cardiovascular disease like heart attacks, strokes, heart failure and even kidney failure, continues Dr. Doyle.

What Does A Blood Pressure Reading Of 135/85 Mean

Readings between 120/80 and 139/89 indicate Pre-Hypertension or High Normal blood pressure. The good news is you dont have hypertension. However, your blood pressure is higher than recommended for most adults.

Research suggests that people with pre-hypertension are more likely to have a heart attack or stroke compared to those with lower blood pressure.

Blood Pressure Is Diagnosed By A Doctor Using A Blood Pressure Machine The Process Includes:

  • Being seated in a chair with your back supported
  • Putting your feet flat on the floor and supporting your arm at heart level
  • Remaining quiet for five minutes and refraining from talking

It is very important to use the proper size cuff when taking a blood pressure reading. Failure to do so will lead to inaccuracies. A cuff that is too small for the arm circumference will give an artificially high reading. A cuff that is too large will give too low a reading. Initially, blood pressure should be measured in each arm to make sure both readings are the same. The arm with the higher readings should then be targeted for all future blood pressure checks.

If your blood pressure readings are high, your doctor may ask that you return for additional measurements on different days because blood pressure can vary widely from day to day.

Your doctor will most likely diagnose you with high blood pressure if you have several readings of 140/90 or higher. If you have readings of 130/80 or higher and are diabetic or have chronic kidney disease, you are likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure.

What can I do if I am diagnosed with high blood pressure?

Eat healthy food

Make sure your diet emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy foods. An easy tool for planning health meals is the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet which can help you reduce your systolic blood pressure by 8-14 mm Hg.

Achieve and Maintain a Healthy Weight

Increase Physical Activity

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What 135 Over 85 Blood Pressure Means:

If your blood pressure numbers read 135 over 85 it means you have a systolic pressure reading of 135 mmHg and a resting, diastolic pressure reading of 85 mmHg. They are both measured using units of mmHg, which stands for millimetres of mercury .

You may find it written as blood pressure 135 over 85, or more simply BP 135/85

Reads

A systolic reading of 135 is generally considered to be at the prehypertension level.

A diastolic reading of 85 is generally considered to be at the elevated normal level.

Both your systolic and diastolic readouts are important to analyse, typically the one falling into a less healthy category determines your overall blood pressure condition. Therefore your overall blood pressure would be considered to have a prehypertension classification, moving above the normal blood pressure range, as your systolic reading is less healthy when comparing it with your diastolic reading.

You can see your blood pressure reading of 135 over 85 plotted on the chart above, noting that your overall classification for this BP reading falls into the prehypertension range.

It is important to consider that a single blood pressure reading is not definitive and it can be affected by a variety of factors.

The column chart of your blood pressure shown above, displays the status of your systolic reading of 135mmHg compared to your diastolic reading of 85mmHg. Using these two blood pressure figures, you can go on to work out your blood pulse pressure.

50

aortic aneurysms

For High Blood Pressure

135 Over 83 Blood Pressure

If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may watch it closely. This is because its a risk factor for heart disease.

Having elevated blood pressure puts you at risk for high blood pressure. If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor may suggest lifestyle changes like eating a heart-healthy diet, cutting back on alcohol, and exercising regularly. These may help bring your blood pressure numbers down. You may not need prescription medications.

If you have stage 1 hypertension, your doctor may suggest lifestyle changes and medication. They may prescribe a drug like:

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Healthy And Unhealthy Blood Pressure Ranges

Learn whats considered normal, as recommended by the American Heart Association.

Blood Pressure Chart

SYSTOLIC mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC mm Hg
NORMAL
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE STAGE 1 130 139
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE STAGE 2 140 OR HIGHER
HYPERTENSIVE CRISIS HIGHER THAN 180 and/or HIGHER THAN 120

Note: A diagnosis of high blood pressure must be confirmed with a medical professional. A doctor should also evaluate any unusually low blood pressure readings.

The five blood pressure ranges as recognized by the American Heart Association are:

How Age Affects Blood Pressure

For infants, toddlers, and pre-adolescent aged children, doctors follow separate guidelines and standards to define high blood pressure. Average readings tend to be lower at a younger age and increase as you grow older. During late adolescence doctors typically begin to follow the standard adult guidelines for high blood pressure.

As you age, your risk of developing high blood pressure increases.

Blood pressure charts aren’t commonly broken down by age, however, pediatric charts are often separated into ranges for infants, toddlers, and pre-adolescents. Pediatric standards for high and low blood pressure differ from those used for adults. Sometimes gender can influence readings, but measurements are still compared on the same scale.

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What Is Low Blood Pressure

While hypertension can be problematic for your overall health, blood pressure thats too low can also be cause for concern. With that said, the American Heart Association doesnt recognize a specific day-to-day blood pressure reading as too low. Instead, its a matter of what symptoms you may be experiencing due to low blood pressure, how these symptoms affect you and how long they persist.

Treatment For Low Or High Blood Pressure

Blood pressure measurement – OSCE guide

Your reading may indicate a blood pressure problem even if only one number is high. No matter what category of blood pressure you have, its important to monitor it regularly. Talk with a doctor about how often you should check your blood pressure at home.

Write the results in a blood pressure journal and share them with the doctor. Its a good idea to take your blood pressure more than once at one sitting,

The doctor will likely address that health condition or concern first.

If its unclear why your blood pressure is low, treatment options may include:

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How Can I Control My Blood Pressure

You can often lower your blood pressure by changing your day-to-day habits and by taking medication if needed. Treatment requires ongoing evaluation and discussions with your doctor, especially if you have other medical conditions such as diabetes.

Lifestyle changes you can make to help prevent and lower high blood pressure:

In addition to recommending lifestyle changes, your doctor will likely prescribe medication to lower your blood pressure to a safe level. Isolated systolic hypertension, the most common form of high blood pressure in older adults, is treated in the same way as regular high blood pressure but may require more than one type of blood pressure medication. You may try several kinds or combinations of medications before finding a plan that works best for you. Medication can control your blood pressure, but it can’t cure it. If your doctor starts you on medication for high blood pressure, you may need to take it long term.

Discuss Medication With A Doctor

When dealing with high blood pressure readings, it’s necessary to consult with your doctor to find proper ways to manage and prevent hypertension.

Depending on your age, lifestyle, and blood pressure readings, your doctor may recommend medication as part of a treatment program for hypertension.

It’s not clear if medication is beneficial for adults who have prehypertension alone. However, if you have another medical condition along with prehypertension, such as diabetes or kidney disease, your doctor might decide its best to start treatment as early as possible.

Those with stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension may be prescribed one or more of the following drugs:

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Stroke And Brain Diseases

Narrowed blood vessels and poor blood circulation are also detrimental to your brain and can impair cognitive functions.

  • Stroke blood clots in the brain can cause impairments and sometimes even death
  • Vascular Dementia an impairment in an individuals cognition, memory, and decision-making abilities
  • Transient Ischemic Attack a temporary disruption of blood flow to the brain, which can indicate youre at high risk for a stroke

High Blood Pressure Treatments

Upper Arm Blood Pressure Monitor

Treating high blood pressure often involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. Here are the most common hypertension treatments:

Popular high blood pressure medications
Drug name

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Note: The CDC includes hypertensive patients in the high-risk groups for contracting COVID-19 or developing coronavirus complications.

Lifestyle changes can help lower blood pressure levels and benefit the overall health of the patient. Some effective changes include:

  • Exercising moderately 30 minutes most days of the week.
  • Eating a healthy diet.
  • Limiting excessive salt intake. No more than 2000 mg of sodium per day.
  • Maintaining a healthy body weight .
  • Managing stress. Consider incorporating meditation or yoga.
  • Limiting alcohol use. No more than 14 alcoholic drinks/week for men or 7 alcoholic drinks/week for women.
  • Quitting smoking.

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What Do Blood Pressure Numbers Mean

Blood pressure readings are composed of two numbersfor example, 120/80 mm Hg. Both numbers are an important part of your blood pressure reading.

The top number measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats. The bottom number measures the pressure in your arteries between each heart beat.

The standard unit of measure, mm Hg, stands for “millimeters of mercury.” Mercury pressure gauges have been replaced with electronic pressure gauges, but the abbreviation is still used.

Hypertension Symptoms And Risks

Risks associated with high blood pressure can become life-threatening if not adequately monitored or addressed .

Most people with high blood pressure, particularly prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension, dont experience any symptoms. Even at stage 2, hypertension may not cause any noticeable effects. Those who do experience symptoms may notice:

  • Shortness of breath

However, even in the absence of symptoms, the elevated blood pressure is still damaging your blood vessels and heart and can cause serious health complications. Some of the most common include:

  • Vascular dementia
  • Peripheral artery disease

For these reasons, regular check-ups along with at-home blood pressure monitoring are necessary to stop progression or reverse some of the damage done.

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What Is Systolic Blood Pressure

Systolic blood pressure measures how much pressure your blood exerts against your artery walls. The pressure within our arteries changes with every heartbeat, says Ian Del Conde Pozzi, M.D., a cardiologist and vascular medicine specialist at the Miami Cardiac & Vascular Institute. When the heart contracts, it pumps extra blood into the circulatory system, increasing the pressure. That increase is measured by systolic blood pressure.

What Does A Blood Pressure Reading Of 135/82 Mean

Understanding Blood Pressure (Subtitles)

Readings between 120/80 and 139/89 indicate Pre-Hypertension or High Normal blood pressure. The good news is you dont have hypertension. However, your blood pressure is higher than recommended for most adults.

Research suggests that people with pre-hypertension are more likely to have a heart attack or stroke compared to those with lower blood pressure.

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Understanding Blood Pressure Infographic

Having blood pressure outside the normal range puts your health in jeopardy. If its too high, youre at risk of serious medical conditions, including heart attacks and stroke. Blood pressure thats too low can be life-threatening in severe cases.

Regardless, ALWAYS discuss readings and health conditions with your physician to ensure accurate results and the safest actions for your health.

Keep in mind that you can have high blood pressure and not even know it. This silent condition might be doing untold harm to your body. Knowing your numbers is the only way to find out for sure if your blood pressure readings fall within the optimal range, and making smart lifestyle choices is the only way to keep them there!

Stay consistent with your health. Use the infographic below as a reminder and helpful guide to understanding your blood pressure readings. View below or click image for free PDF 🙂

What Is Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as the heart pumps blood. When a health care professional measures your blood pressure, they use a blood pressure cuff around your arm that tightens and then gradually loosens. The results are given in two numbers. The first number, called systolic blood pressure, is the pressure caused by your heart contracting and pushing out blood. The second number, called diastolic blood pressure, is the pressure when your heart relaxes and fills with blood.

A blood pressure reading is given as the systolic blood pressure number over the diastolic blood pressure number. Blood pressure levels are classified based on those two numbers.

  • Low blood pressure, or hypotension, is systolic blood pressure lower than 90 or diastolic blood pressure lower than 60. If you have low blood pressure, you may feel lightheaded, weak, dizzy, or even faint. It can be caused by not getting enough fluids, blood loss, some medical conditions, or medications, including those prescribed for high blood pressure.
  • Normal blood pressure for most adults is defined as a systolic pressure of less than 120 and a diastolic pressure of less than 80.
  • Elevated blood pressure is defined as a systolic pressure between 120 and 129 with a diastolic pressure of less than 80.
  • High blood pressure is defined as systolic pressure of 130 or higher, or a diastolic pressure of 80 or higher.

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What Is The Difference

The major difference between the old and new guidelines is the elimination of the category of pre-hypertension. However, findings from research studies show that complications can exist when blood pressure is as low as 130-139 over 80-89.

The new guidelines change the categories. Those same readings that would have been pre-hypertension are now categorized as stage I hypertension. Doing so means earlier treatment, which can help prevent future increases in blood pressure and more serious complications associated with hypertension.

What You Should Know About A Blood Pressure Of 125/85

Comfortable Wrist Electronic Heart Beat Blood Pressure Meter Monitor ...

What is high normal blood pressure? Hypertension guidelines exist to aid both medical professionals and patients in defining, understanding, and treating blood pressure measurements in accordance with its stage of severity. According to the CDC, some 75 million US adults have high blood pressure, but only 54 percent have it under control. Between missed work, health services, and prescriptions alone, hypertension costs the US almost 50 billion per year. The hypertension classification system was developed by The American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association to offer a more comprehensive and systematic approach to blood pressure identification and management.

Prehypertension is the elevated or high normal blood pressure stage of that scale. Less than 120/80 mmHg readings are considered within the normal blood pressure range. Once blood pressure measurements rise up to 129 mmHg systolic but remain less than 80 diastolic, the readings are considered elevated. Stage one hypertension ranges from 130-139/80-89 mmHg, stage two hypertension ranges from 140-180/90-120 mmHg, and stage three hypertension covers readings higher than 180/120 mmHg.

Think of the elevated blood pressure stage as a red flag thats telling you to proceed with caution. Its a warning sign that something is causing your blood pressure to rise above normal. If left unmanaged, theres a strong probability of it continuing to rise into the other hypertensive stages.

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What Does A Blood Pressure Reading Of 140/85 Mean

Readings above 140 systolic pressure indicate Stage 1 Hypertension even if your diastolic pressure is between 80 and 89. This is because the worse reading is used when systolic and diastolic pressure fall into different ranges.

Hypertension increases your risk of life-threatening problems such as heart attacks and stroke. Blood pressure in this range may also damage the heart and kidneys, particularly in those who already have chronic medical problems affecting these organs.

What Causes High Blood Pressure

The cause of high blood pressure, or hypertension, is often unknown. It develops over time and often happens as a result of unhealthy lifestyle choices, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .

Occasionally, some people have hypertension caused by an underlying condition, such as kidney disease, adrenal gland tumors or thyroid disorders, says Dr. Wong. Other conditions like pregnancy, diabetes and obesity can also increase your risk.

Some people are susceptible to high blood pressure from certain medications, such as birth control pills, some decongestants and even some over-the-counter pain relievers, says Wong. Illicit drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines may also raise blood pressure.

High blood pressure is extremely common. A 2017 to 2018 survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics found 45.5% of U.S. adults have hypertensionOstchega Y, et al. Hypertension prevalence among adults aged 18 and over: United States, 2017-2018. National Center for Health Statistics. Accessed 7/16/2021. .

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