What Do The Results Mean
If your results were negative, it’s unlikely that your baby has Down syndrome or another trisomy disorder. If your results were positive, it means there is an increased risk that your baby has one of these disorders. But it can’t tell you for sure if your baby is affected. For a more confirmed diagnosis you’ll need other tests, such as amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling . These tests are usually very safe procedures, but they do have a slight risk of causing a miscarriage.
If you have questions about your results, talk to your health care provider and/or a genetic counselor.
Learn more about laboratory tests, reference ranges, and understanding results.
How To Order A Non
If you are willing to proceed with the testing process now and to receive your results as soon as possible, you only need to order your non-Invasive prenatal paternity . This is the quickest way to get started and receive your results online. Additional father can be included in the tests. Additional charges apply.
Your paternity test is important, and can be a factor in making critical life choices.You may find companies online advertising cheap non-invasive prenatal paternity tests. Beware of these claims, and ask to see the actual published research supporting these tests. If a company is offering a free post-birth test, this means they dont stand behind the quality of their prenatal test. EDCs NIPP testing involves the most advanced scientific methods and DNA high-sequencing instruments. EDC is one of the most trusted laboratories in the world, capable of delivering quality results to our most important clientYOU.
Attention: Peace of mind prenatal paternity test results may not be used for legal procedure.
How Is Fetal Monitoring Performed
Using a fetoscope to listen to the fetal heartbeat is the most basic type of fetal heart rate monitoring. Another type of monitoring is performed with a hand-held Doppler device. This is often used during prenatal visits to count the fetal heart rate. During labor, continuous electronic fetal monitoring is often used. Although the specific details of each procedure may vary, standard electronic fetal monitoring follows this process:
Gel is applied to your abdomen to act as a medium for the ultrasound transducer.
The ultrasound transducer is attached to your abdomen with straps so it can transmit the fetal heartbeat to a recorder. The fetal heart rate is displayed on a screen and printed onto special paper.
During contractions, an external tocodynamometer can record the pattern of contractions.
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Can I Get A Paternity Test While Pregnant
Yes, you can get a paternity test while pregnant with the safe and patented Certainty Non-Invasive Prenatal Paternity test from DDC. This advanced DNA test requires only a blood sample from the mother and a simple cheek swab from the possible father, and can be performed as early as seven weeks into the pregnancy. Because the test is completely non-invasive , there is no risk to the pregnancy.
The prenatal paternity test from DDC is the only test of its kind accredited by the AABB.AABB is the global leader in standards development, accreditation, and implementation of quality systems in transfusion medicine and cellular therapies. AABB has an unwavering focus on donor and patient safety through its accreditation process.Only DDC maintains such strict standards of accountability for prenatal DNA paternity testing, including analysis, PhD review, and documentation. This is the first AABB-accredited NIPP test and were the only lab to offer it.In the past, the only tests available were amniocentesis and CVS , which are invasive tests that may cause miscarriage. Because of the possible dangers, most doctors do not offer these tests anymore for determining paternity alone. Fortunately, advances in DNA technology have brought about Certainty, a completely safe, non-invasive prenatal paternity test that provides answers earlier than ever.
Paternity Test During Pregnancy
The discovery of DNA was a huge leap toward understanding heredity and the way our parents’ biology directly influences our own since DNA is the ultimate “source code” of the human race. Since we get our genetic makeup directly from our parents , it is easy to determine whether a man is the biological father of a child based on the comparison of the two DNA samples.
DNA paternity tests are over 99.9% accurate. They can be done during pregnancy from the mother’s blood as early as 8 weeks of the pregnancy.
Every human cell contains a copy of the entire DNA of the person, 50% of it comes from the mother and 50% from the baby’s father. Given the samples of at least the child and an alleged father, DNA paternity tests are held to be 99.999% accurate.
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Safety Concerns With Dna Testing While Pregnant
Most DNA tests while pregnant are safe, but are any of them unsafe? Amniocentesis and Chorionic Villus Sampling are more invasive diagnostic tests conducted while pregnant. While most DNA testing while pregnant is safe, these two more invasive tests carry with them some risks.
These two tests confirm possible defects and genetic disorders. They are a lot more accurate than the blood test screenings while pregnant and regular ultrasounds, since your doctor will draw samples directly from the amniotic fluid or placenta.
Both of these DNA tests while pregnant are invasive, as they use a long, fine needle guided by ultrasound. This means theres a small risk of miscarriage or issues like bleeding, cramping, or infection. The CVS test takes a small sample of the placenta between 10 and 13 weeks. Meanwhile, amniocentesis is a test where the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby in the womb is collected.. The lab then checks the fluid for cells and proteins to confirm genetic anomalies. It is the safest between 15 and 20 weeks. The advantage of CVS over the amnio is that it can be done earlier in the pregnancy. Most pregnant women would not get these more invasive tests done unless seriously recommended by their doctor for valid reasons.
When Is Internal Fetal Monitoring Needed
On occasion, internal fetal monitoring is needed to provide a more accurate reading of the fetal heart rate. Your bag of waters must be broken and your cervix must be partially dilated to use internal monitoring. Internal fetal monitoring involves inserting an electrode through the dilated cervix and attaching the electrode to the scalp of the fetus.
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Scientific Journal Articles For Further Reading
Committee Opinion No. 640: Cell-Free DNA Screening For Fetal Aneuploidy. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Sep 126:e31-7. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000001051. PubMed: 26287791.
Dondorp W, de Wert G, Bombard Y, Bianchi DW, Bergmann C, Borry P, Chitty LS, Fellmann F, Forzano F, Hall A, Henneman L, Howard HC, Lucassen A, Ormond K, Peterlin B, Radojkovic D, Rogowski W, Soller M, Tibben A, Tranebjærg L, van El CG, Cornel MC. Non-invasive prenatal testing for aneuploidy and beyond: challenges of responsible innovation in prenatal screening. Summary and recommendations. Eur J Hum Genet. 2015 Apr 1. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2015.56. PubMed: 25828867.
Goldwaser T, Klugman S. Cell-free DNA for the detection of fetal aneuploidy. Fertil Steril. 2018 Feb 109:195-200. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2017.12.019. PubMed: 29447662.
Gregg AR, Skotko BG, Benkendorf JL, Monaghan KG, Bajaj K, Best RG, Klugman S, Watson MS. Noninvasive prenatal screening for fetal aneuploidy, 2016 update: a position statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics. Genet Med. 2016 Oct 18:1056-65. doi: 10.1038/gim.2016.97. Epub 2016 Jul 28. PubMed: 27467454.
Who Should Get Genetic Testing
The decision to get prenatal genetic testing is a personal choice. Ask your healthcare provider what they recommend if youre unsure. The results provide important information about the health of the fetus. Healthcare providers offer all pregnant families genetic screening as part of their pregnancy care.
Some of the reasons families will choose diagnostic genetic testing during pregnancy are:
- Irregular result of a genetic screening test.
- Family or personal history of genetic conditions.
- History of miscarriage or stillbirth.
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Paternity Testing While Pregnant: How Can You Get A Dna Test Before Giving Birth
A pregnant person might choose to take a paternity test before giving birth for a variety of reasons. Besides clarifying the second parent of a child, the result of a paternity test can be important for obtaining legal rights like child support, custody, benefits, and inheritance, as well as finding out medical factors that could affect your babys health. Keep reading to learn all about the different DNA tests you can get while pregnant plus their costs and safety profiles.
Is Your Web Site Safe And Secure
Shopping with your credit card with Paternitytesting.com is guaranteed to be safe and secure.We take extensive steps to process thousands of Internet transactions securely and safely. Our secure server software is the industry standard for securing credit card transactions over the Internet.This software encrypts all your personal information into an unrecognizable code that is securely transmitted from you to us. When this encrypted information reaches our secure server, we translate it back to its original form and store it safely offline and inaccessible through the Internet.To continue our commitment to your security, every credit card processed is run through an address verification process to verify that the card is registered to the billing address on the order.
Can I order over the phone?
Absolutely! We understand its sometimes easier to talk to a real person when placing an order. Call us anytime from Monday to Sunday . We have representatives to assist you in English, Spanish or French.
What are the Payment Options?
We accept Visa, Mastercard, American Express, or Discover as forms of payment. We have added Paypal as a form of payment as well.
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Quick Facts About Dna Tests While Pregnant
Are There Differences Between Edcs Test And Other Companie Tests
Yes, there are many differences between EDCs test and other companies tests. Here are the Top 3:
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How Is Cvs Performed
CVS may be offered to women with an increased risk of chromosomal abnormalities or who have a family history of a genetic defect that is testable from the placental tissue. CVS is usually performed between the 10th and 13th week of pregnancy. Although exact methods may vary, the procedure involves the following steps:
Using ultrasound technology, your doctor will guide the catheter into place near the placenta.
Your doctor will remove some tissue using a syringe on the other end of the catheter.
Your doctor may also choose to perform a transabdominal CVS, which involves inserting a needle through your abdomen and into your uterus to sample the placental cells. You may feel some cramping during and after either type of CVS procedure. The tissue samples are sent to a genetic lab for growth and analysis. Results are usually available in about 10 days to two weeks, depending on the lab.
What If Cvs Is Not Possible
Women with twins or other higher-order multiples usually need sampling from each placenta. However, because of the complexity of the procedure and the positioning of the placentas, CVS is not always feasible or successful with multiples.
Women who are not candidates for CVS or who did not get accurate results from the procedure may require a follow-up amniocentesis. An active vaginal infection, such as herpes or gonorrhea, will prohibit the procedure. In other cases, the doctor may take a sample that does not have enough tissue to grow in the lab, generating incomplete or inconclusive results.
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Group B Strep Culture
Group B streptococcus is a type of bacteria found in the lower genital tract of about 20 percent of all women. While a GBS infection does not usually cause problems in women before pregnancy, it can cause serious illness in mothers during pregnancy. GBS may cause chorioamnionitis and postpartum infection. Urinary tract infections caused by GBS can lead to preterm labor and birth or pyelonephritis and sepsis.
GBS is the most common cause of life-threatening infections in newborns, including pneumonia and meningitis. Newborn babies contract the infection during pregnancy or from the mothers genital tract during labor and delivery.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends screening all pregnant women for vaginal and rectal GBS colonization between 35 and 37 weeks gestation. The treatment of mothers with certain risk factors or positive cultures is important to reduce the risk of transmission of GBS to the baby. Babies whose mothers receive antibiotic treatment for a positive GBS test are 20 times less likely to develop the disease than those without treatment.
Is The Certainty Prenatal Paternity Test Report Court
Our prenatal paternity test follows a strict chain-of-custody process with the DNA sample collection witnessed, giving you legal, court-admissible paternity test results. Some people choose to collect the possible fathers DNA sample at home with just a cheek swab, but there are important differences in the test reports.
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How Early Can I Take Dna Test In Pregnancy
If you are interested in having the DNA test done during pregnancy, then you probably want to know how early it can be done. It varies based on the type of testing you want to do.
1. Non-Invasive Prenatal Paternity
A form of non-invasive prenatal paternity testing can be done when you are at the 7th or 8th week of pregnancy. This requires a simple blood test instead of invasive procedure, meaning there isn’t a risk of miscarriage. You will need your blood tested and the potential father also needs to be tested. The results will look at DNA fragments from the fetus, which are in your blood in small quantities.
2. Chorionic Villus Sampling
If you are already at 14 to 20 weeks in your pregnancy, then you can use amniocentesis as a DNA test while pregnant. During this procedure, your doctor inserts a needle into the amniotic sac within the uterus. They then withdraw fluid. This most common use of this procedure is for testing lung maturation in pregnancy, especially in case of a possible premature birth, but it can also be used for DNA testing.
There is a small risk of harm to the baby or miscarriage. You may also notice cramping, vaginal bleeding, or amniotic fluid leakage. You also need doctor’s consent for this method of paternity testing.
Can You Ascertain Paternity By Date Of Conception
- If youâre still concerned about getting a DNA test while pregnant, you might be thinking about whether the date of conception can determine paternity.
- However, sperm cells can survive for up to five days in the female system post intercourse, and it becomes complicated to base paternity merely on the conception date.
- The variability is further increased when you factor in the ovulation dates. Since women tend to ovulate on different days every other month, extrapolating paternity details from just the conception date is not very reliable.
- For women with multiple partners, it is often advisable to get a paternity test to be completely certain of the fatherâs identity.
- Prenatal paternity tests are especially useful as they can save a lot of time for both parents.
- Mothers can undertake DNA tests while pregnant to ascertain the childâs paternity, allowing for a smooth documentation and social security process post-delivery.
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Can You Get Paternity Testing While Pregnant
Pregnancy is one of the most vulnerable times for a woman. A study in 2015 found out that people who are completely economically dependent on their spouses are more likely to be unfaithful.
Men are less likely to cheat if they make more money than their spouses. Studies from the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships estimate that the average person of the opposite sex has a 42% chance to cheat on their partner.
Here is everything you might need to know about paternity testing, even while pregnant:
Which Ultrasound Imaging Techniques Are Available
There are several types of ultrasound imaging techniques. As the most common type, the 2-D ultrasound provides a flat picture of one aspect of the baby.
If more information is needed, a 3-D ultrasound exam can be done. This technique, which provides a 3-D picture, requires a special machine and special training. The 3-D image allows the health care provider to see the width, height and depth of the images, which can be helpful during the diagnosis. The 3-D images can also be captured and saved for later review.
The latest technology is 4-D ultrasound, which allows the health care provider to visualize the unborn baby moving in real time. With 4-D imaging, a three-dimensional image is continuously updated, providing a live action view. These images often have a golden color, which helps show shadows and highlights.
Ultrasound images may be captured in still photographs or on video to document findings.
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