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Dos And Donts In Managing Dvt:
- DO take medicine and go for the blood tests as directed by your health care provider to monitor the blood thinner level if you are taking warfarin.
- DO follow your doctors advice about losing weight and exercising more to lower your risk of recurrence of DVT.
- DO walk around and stretch your legs if you sit for long periods
- DO call your health care provider if your symptoms dont get better.
- DO call your health care provider immediately if you have chest pain or cough up blood.
- DO call your health care provider before you go on a long trip and ask your health care provider about taking aspirin if you are no longer taking warfarin or other blood thinners.
- DO try to keep your legs elevated when sitting or lying down.
- DONT stand or sit in one spot for a long time.
- DONT wear clothing that restricts blood flow in your legs.
- DONT participate in contact sports when taking blood thinners because youre at risk of bleeding from trauma.
- The Center for Outcome Research and the Venous Education Institute of North America Website: http://www.dvt.org
What Causes Blood Clots In The Leg
As mentioned earlier, in some cases, a blood clot can be formed inside any of your veins. This condition is referred to as deep vein thrombosis . Such clots are a common occurrence in the legs. They can also occur in the heart, brain, lungs, or in the pelvic region. Some of the most common causes of a blood clot in the legs are:
- Damage to one of the veins on your leg due to a physical trauma
- Interrupted blood flow
- Surgery: If you underwent surgery recently, you have an increased chance of developing a blood clot.
- Physical trauma to your lower body.
- Weight: If you are overweight or obese, you are at a higher risk of developing blood clots in your legs.
- Medical conditions: Varicose veins, vasculitis, heart attack, respiratory defects, or even a recent conception or childbirth can lead to a blood clot in the vein of your leg.
- Age: Older people are at higher risk of developing blood clots.
- Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation : This is a medical condition that causes the blood to clot inappropriately due to an infection or organ failure.
All of these factors may contribute to the formation of a blood clot in the leg. A clot can further cause other changes in your body. The appearance of any of the following signs and symptoms in your body is an indication of a blood clot in your leg.
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Blood clots that form in the deep veins of the legs can cause leg symptoms. Worse, the clots can break loose and travel through the blood to the heart and then to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism .
More people die from PE each year in the United States than from breast cancer. What causes DVT and PE, what are the symptoms, and how can you prevent them?
Immediate Action Required: Call 999 Or Go To A& e If:
You have symptoms of DVT, such as pain and swelling, and:
DVT can be very serious because blood clots in your veins can break loose, travel through your bloodstream and get stuck in your lungs. This is called a pulmonary embolism.
A pulmonary embolism can be life threatening and needs treatment straight away.
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Signs And Symptoms Of Blood Clot In Legs
Much like we mentioned in the second sub-heading, blood clots in leg or otherwise denoted as Deep Vein Thrombosis is characterised by a number of specific signs and symptoms which need to be assessed and treated carefully to avoid any fatal damage to ones health. These symptoms are characterised by the restriction of blood flow in the affected area of the clot.
The major signs and symptoms of a blood clot in leg or DVT include:
- Swelling and inflammation in the area adjoining the blood clotPersistent pain in and around the clot, especially in the entirety of the affected leg
- Redness around the area is also a characteristic sign of the possible blood clot in the area
- Feeling of warmth in the periphery of the blood clot is definitely a red alert in terms of a
- Formation of a blood clot in the leg
- Discolouration near the clot, especially in either a bluish or a whitish colour
Even after administering the medicines and such, there are chances that the symptoms of blood clot on the leg might last for as long as six months depending on the severity of the situation. If it it being treated in the initial stage, it is most likely not going to take much time but if it is the advanced stage, it would need precision with the outcomes and that sure takes months to heal.
Cerebral Embolism And Stroke
Sometimes, a blood clot may enter and block a vessel that supplies blood to the brain. This type of blood clot is called a cerebral embolism .
Without sufficient blood supply, the brain cells in the affected area become starved of oxygen and die. This condition is called an ischemic stroke.
Strokes are serious and potentially life threatening. People who receive treatment within the first of having a stroke are less likely to experience lasting disability.
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How Is Dvt Treated
If you have DVT, you will be treated with medicine that reduces blood clotting . This can be given either as tablets or via injections and you will probably need to take it for several months.
In very severe cases, a medicine is used to break down the clot. The person normally needs to stay in hospital when this is given as it can cause bleeding.
You may also be asked to wear compression stockings to bring down the swelling.
Other Risk Factors For Blood Clots
Besides cancer and other health conditions, other things can put you at risk for getting blood clots, such as:
- Sitting or lying in bed for long periods of time or being in bed more than 3 days in a row
- Taking birth control pills or other hormone therapy
- Being overweight
- Having surgery, especially orthopedic surgery, abdominal or pelvis surgery
- Having a family history of blood clots
- Having a central venous catheter in place
- Having a blood transfusion or taking red blood-cell stimulating agents for some types of anemia
- Having an infection.
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How To Spot And Prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis
When the Clot Thickens
Lots of things can cause pain and swelling in your leg. But if your symptoms stem from a blood clot deep in your leg, it can be dangerous. Blood clots can happen to anyone, anytime. But some people are at increased risk. Taking steps to reduce your chances of a blood clot forming in your veins can help you avoid potentially serious problems.
Blood clots can arise anywhere in your body. They develop when blood thickens and clumps together. When a clot forms in a vein deep in the body, its called deep vein thrombosis. Deep vein blood clots typically occur in the lower leg or thigh.
Deep vein thrombosis has classic symptomsfor example swelling, pain, warmth, and redness on the leg, says Dr. Andrei Kindzelski, an NIH blood disease expert. But about 3040% of cases go unnoticed, since they dont have typical symptoms. In fact, some people dont realize they have a deep vein clot until it causes a more serious condition.
Deep vein clotsespecially those in the thighcan break off and travel through the bloodstream. If a clot lodges in an artery in the lungs, it can block blood flow and lead to a sometimes-deadly condition called pulmonary embolism. This disorder can damage the lungs and reduce blood oxygen levels, which can harm other organs as well.
If you think you may be at risk for deep vein thrombosis, talk with your doctor.
What Are The Symptoms Of A Blood Clot
Symptoms of a DVT include swelling of the affected leg, pain, redness, warmth and new visible veins in the area. Symptoms of a pulmonary embolism include shortness of breath, chest pain, cough or coughing up blood and fast breathing.
Although these symptoms can be associated with many different health problems, if you suspect you have a clot, call your health care provider right away or go to the nearest emergency room.
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Blood Clot In Leg Treatment At Home
Here are some tips and at home treatments which can help you deal with a blood clot in leg.
1. Leg Elevation and Compression
Elevating the leg and wearing compression stocking is part of the deep vein thrombosis treatment. This will help relieve the swelling and pain which characterized blood clot in legs. When wearing compression stocking, make sure to wear those which fit you well. Also, make sure to elevate your legs whenever you get the chance for it. By doing so, you will promote the blood circulation and lymph flow from the legs toward the heart. Lift the leg higher than the hip.
2. Regular Physical Exercise
Regular physical exercise is very important for overall health, including the health of your legs. Moderate regular physical exercises will improve the blood circulation. For this purpose, walk at least 5 times a week for about 30 minutes. If you spend time lying down or sitting than make sure to stand up and walk for 10 minutes, every 2 to 3 hours. You can also go for jogging, cycling, swimming, or similar activities for better circulation. Leg exercises for about 15 minutes every day are very beneficial as well.
If you need help with your physical exercise you can consult your healthcare provider or a personal trainer who can give you detailed instructions about necessary exercises and physical activity.
You can either consume turmeric supplements or drink a juice of turmeric, milk, and honey once or twice a day.
6. Cayenne Pepper
Who Is More Likely To Get Dvt
A DVT is more likely to happen if you:
- take the contraceptive pill or HRT
- have cancer or heart failure
- have varicose veins
There are also some temporary situations when you’re at more risk of DVT. These include if you:
- are staying in or recently left hospital especially if you cannot move around much
- are confined to bed
- go on a long journey by plane, car or train
- are pregnant or if you’ve had a baby in the previous 6 weeks
Sometimes DVT can happen for no obvious reason.
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How To Get Rid Of Blood Clots In Legs Naturally
- 2 to 3 drops of anise essential oil
- 1 glass of water
What You Have To Do
How Often You Should do This
Do this 2 to 3 times daily.
Why This Works
Anise oil is extracted from a flowering plant called anise. It has a variety of medicinal uses and is antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and a muscle relaxant. Thus, anise oil can be used to reduce pain and improve blood flow to treat the blood clot in your leg .
b. Helichrysum Oil
- 5 to 6 drops of helichrysum essential oil
- 30 ml of any carrier oil like coconut or olive oil
What You Have To Do
How Often You Should do This
Do this at least thrice daily.
Why This Works
Helichrysum oil is derived from the medicinal herb, helichrysum. It has many health benefits and is known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It is also a natural blood thinner due to its anticoagulant properties. Thus, helichrysum oil is one of the best options to treat the blood clot in your leg.
c. Wintergreen Oil
- 1 glass of warm milk
What You Have To Do
Add turmeric to a glass of warm milk and consume immediately.
How Often You Should do This
Do this 1 to 2 times daily.
Why This Works
What Causes Deep Vein Thrombosis
These conditions can increase your risk of a deep vein thrombosis:
- Having an inherited condition increases your risk of blood clots.
- Having cancer and some of its treatments .
- Having a history of deep vein thrombosis in yourself or your family.
- Having limited blood flow in a deep vein because of an injury, surgery or immobilization.
- Not moving for long periods of time, like sitting for a long time on trips in a car, truck, bus, train or airplane or being immobile after surgery or a serious injury.
- Being pregnant or having recently delivered a baby.
- Being older than 40 .
- Having overweight/obesity.
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Deep Vein Thrombosis Medical Treatment
As mentioned above, the most common treatment for deep vein thrombosis is anticoagulants such as heparin and warfarin.
They are usually given for a variable period that depends on your individual needs. It is typically a minimum of three months, and you should follow your doctors instructions carefully because a small mistake in the dosage can be dangerous.
The main side effect of anticoagulation is bleeding, which is why patients with this type of medical treatment need to be very careful if they need surgery and mention their treatment to the doctor to schedule the intervention after stopping anticoagulant medications. In rare cases, the medicine may not work well or may cause you severe problems, so it is essential to be in close contact with your doctor for the initial days and weeks of your anticoagulant treatment. If this happens, your doctor will probably stop giving you the medicine, change the dosage, or give you another option.
Anticoagulant agents are also known as blood thinners, but they dont really make the blood thin. What they do is change the structure and function of proteins that create blood clots as a body defense.
The most common medications are:
Causes Of Blood Clots
Blood clots can form if you don’t move around a lot. You may also get a blood clot if you:
- Have had recent surgery.
- Take hormones, especially for birth control. .
- Have had cancer or are being treated for it.
- Have broken a bone .
- Have a bad bump or bruise.
- Are confined to bed or a chair much of the time.
- Have had a stroke or are paralyzed.
- Have a special port the doctor put in your body to give you medicine.
- Have varicose or bad veins.
- Have heart trouble.
- Have had a blood clot before.
- Have a family member who has had a blood clot.
- Have taken a long trip in a car, airplane, bus, or train.
Are you at risk?
Some people are more likely to get blood clots. Talk with your doctor to see if you are at risk.
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The Potential Impact Of Deep Vein Thrombosis
A blood clot in one of the large veins, usually in a persons leg or arm, is called a deep vein thrombosis or DVT. When a DVT forms, it can partially or completely block the flow of blood through the vein.
If a DVT is not treated, it can move or break off and travel to the lungs. A blood clot in the lungs called a pulmonary embolism or PE is life-threatening.
In addition, when a clot in the deep veins is very extensive or does not dissolve, it can result in a chronic or long-lasting condition called post-thrombotic syndrome , which causes chronic swelling and pain, discoloration of the affected arm or leg, skin ulcers, and other long-term complications. Learn more about PTS here.
How Common Is Deep Vein Thrombosis
Each year, approximately 1 to 3 in every 1,000 adults develop a DVT or pulmonary embolism in the United States, and up to 300,000 people die each year as a result of DVT/PE. Its the third most common vascular disease, behind heart attacks and strokes. Acute DVT/PE can occur at any age, but are less common in children and adolescents and more common in those over the age of 60. More than half of all DVTs happen as a result of being in the hospital from a medical illness or following surgery. The reason why DVTs are more common after a hospital stay is because youre lying in bed most of the time instead of moving around like you normally would.
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How To Treat Blood Clot In Leg
Persistent presence and formation of blood clots in leg often leads to formation of DVT which can often be a very fatal condition for the people. There are a number of blood clot in leg treatment which have successful cured and completely healed the person off the condition. The only catch is to diagnose the symptoms at the correct time and treat them accordingly. Apart from the conventional method of treatment, there are a number of natural remedies for blood clot in leg which actually work wonders without imposing any kind of side-effect.
In order to seek professional help regarding the issue, it is always best to reach out to your general physician first and get the suspicions about DVT clarified following which the blood clot will further be treated by a doctor who has an expertise in the field of thrombosis, specifically a hematologist.